BETTA FISH CARE GUIDE

BETTA TANK SETUPS

MINIMAL: A single male or female Betta in a 5 gallon tank or bigger.  A heater and sponge filter connected to an air pump are recommended.

 

COMMUNITY: A single male or female Betta accompanied by other community fish. A proper filtration system and heater are a must. Compatible tank mates will include any community fish that won’t resemble a Betta such as long tails or similar pattern/colors. Fish must also be of similar size as your Betta. Recommended tank mates would be cory catfish, mystery snails, feeder guppies, Harlequin Rasbora, neon tetras, African Dwarf Frog, Neon Tetras, Ember Tetras, etc… Just remember to do your research beforehand.

 

SORORITY: A sorority consist of 5 or more female Bettas. Anything less than 5 females is not recommended. This type of setup is mostly recommended for experienced Betta keepers. Remember to provide them with plenty of space and hidden places to discourage chasing and bullying. It is also best to put 2-3 tall plant that reach all the way up to the tank’s waterline. A proper filtration system and heater are a must for this type of setup as well.

 

Hint: Bettas usually average 2″ of size so multiply that by 5 Bettas that will equal

RECOMMENDED FOR MINIMAL SETUPS

CYCLING YOUR TANK

The next thing to do is to fill your tank with tap water and add water conditioner by  following the instructions on the side of the bottle. Don’t use distilled water alone as it may be hurtful for your Betta.

 

When you tank cycles, you are simply forcing it to undergo the nitrogen cycle which can last anywhere between 2 weeks to a month. During this time beneficial bacteria will grow to the point in which it will start eating harmful ammonia and nitrites as quickly as they produce.

 

It is best recommended to purchase an aquarium test kit so you can check the ammonia, nitrites, nitrates, and pH levels to make sure everything is according to recommendations before adding any fish.

WATER PARAMETERS FOR BETTA FISH

Temperature 75-80F
PH 6.5-7.5
Hardness 5-20dGH
Ammonia 0 ppm
Nitrate <40
Nitrite 0 ppm

The Labyrinth

Bettas originate from rice patties and swamps that are poorly oxygenated. Thus, their Labyrinth organ means the difference between survival and death as it allows them to breath oxygen from the water and the surface. So never seal their tanks completely and avoid any medications containing tea-tree oil which could cause your Bettas to suffocate such as Bettafix!

WATER CHANGES

  • Use water conditioner/dechlorinator to make tap water safe for bettas.
  • Filters are essential to reduce ammonia and to preserve healthy bacteria.
  • Avoid drastic changes in water temperature and water quality. Water changes bigger than 50% can be extremely stressful and could even be fatal to your Bettas.
  • Use test strips to monitor water parameters.
  • Betta fish are jumpers, always secure a lid on your tank or fill your tank 5-8″ below water line.

CHOOSING YOUR BETTA(S)

We offer a wide selection of exotic and rare bettas that you will not be able to find at other pet stores. Years of committed to the industry has allowed us to gain the trust from Betta breeders and customers alike. Each Betta purchased at Bettas & Art  is inspected and carefully packed before it leaves our location. Get started by visiting our online store and feel free to contact via our support chat for videos and any questions you may have.

LEARN MORE ABOUT YOUR BETTA

Vision

The eyes of bettas are situated on the sides of their head that resemble as the monocular vision. As compared to humans who can see straight, bettas can look in two distinct directions. This is unfortunately the reason why they lack the so-called depth perception.

 

In the eyes of humans, the curve and shape of the eye lens change to be able to achieve the right concentration and focus. With bettas’ eyes, you will notice that their eye lenses are just exactly the same. They also find it very difficult to do the necessary adjustment to brighteness. This is usually linked with how slow their iris works. Thus, this only leaves them with a very poor vision.

 

This issue is basically solved by a lateral line that measures the water pressure. This utilizes small holes connected to the specialized nerve endings. This will now help the fish betas to be able to avoid all those obstacles. The brain will then deduce the nerve signals being a picture of the environment. This way, bettas will be able to find food. This will furthermore help them prior to their poor and weak eyesight.

 

Smell and Taste

The taste buds of bettas are actually found on their mouth, lips and fins. Just like humans, they usually inhale by nostrils. These senses actually help them to react more to the chemicals in the water. The chemicals allow them to know where to find the food around. This is also especially if there is a coming predator. Nevertheless, bettas could already get a sense if the chemicals are already nearby.

 

Hearing

The ears of bettas are pretty much simple. They are consisted of an inner chamber. The betta fishes actually hear by means of listening to the vibrations in the water. As per these vibrations, these usually enter the so-called sensory mechanism found in the chamber. And then, the swim bladder will help the inner ear of the bettas by heightening and distinguishing sounds.

 

Diet

Bettas are insectivores and require a balanced diet high on protein. Omega One, Mosquito Larva, and New Life Spectrum pellets are great choices. When feeding exclusively dried foods to your Bettas please remember to fast your Bettas once a week for their digestive system to catch up. Live foods such as Daphnia, bloodworms, etc… would be great additions as well!

 

Bettas can survive for up to 2 weeks without food, so remember underfeeding is better than over- feeding! A meal portion should be equal to about 5% of a betta’s body size so remember to provide enough food for your fish to eat in 2 minutes and remove any left overs.

 

Bettas also have  a reputation for being picky eaters. So try different brands and a variety of foods and eventually, your fish will eat. Don’t be alarmed if the betta spits out its food. Soaking their food in Garlic Guard prior to feeding could potentially help as well.

 

Lighting & Plant Ornaments

Betta fish require natural day and night light cycles so please make sure to turn off all lights at night. We also recommend live plants to resemble their environment as much as possible. And to avoid decorations with sharp edges that could potentially rip your Betta fins and cause an infection.

ACCLIMATING BETTAS TO THEIR NEW FISH TANK

Prior to acclimating your bettas, you should quarantine any Bettas or any other fish being introduced into a shared fish tank for at least 2 weeks as they may be carrying parasites and common diseases not visible at the moment they were cleared for shipment. The quarantine process is considered to be one of the safest and best ways to introduce new fish, plants, and invertebrates into a shared tank.

 

Acclimating New Bettas

Now that you are ready to start acclimating your Bettas, make sure to test your water parameters first.

 

Instructions

  • Float plastic cup or bag containing Betta inside the aquarium for 45mins or until temperature is the same on both.
  • Carefully place your Betta together with the water he/she was shipped on a separate container ( hopefully their quarantine tank for the next two weeks )  and slowly start adding water from your already cycled tank to about 60% of it while monitoring your Betta for any signs of stress.
  • In order to reach the similar pH level, introduce a small amount of tank’s water into the hole of a plastic cup. This will slowly decrease or increase the pH.
  • When the acclimation process is done and quarantine period is completed, allow your bettas to swim into their new homes.

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